Tungkyong Dho (lake) at Hee-Gyathang GPU, Dzongu, North Sikkim notified as Biodiversity Heritage Site   See Details



Tungkyong Dho (lake) at Hee-Gyathang GPU, Dzongu, North Sikkim notified as Biodiversity Heritage Site

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People's Biodiversity Register - PBR

Preparation of PBRs is mandated under the Biological Diversity Act, 2002 and is the responsibility of BMCs. It is a register that contains comprehensive...

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Access and Benefit Sharing - ABS

The Biological Diversity Act, 2002, envisages the ABS mechanism as a legal framework. This regulatory framework has been put in place in the Act to regulate activities...

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About Us

Sikkim Biodiversity Board

Sikkim Biodiversity Board is a statutory body and was established in the year 2006. It is formed under Sec 22 of Biological Diversity Act 2002. Sikkim State Biological Diversity Rules 2006 has been notified vide notification no. 504/F dated 14.09.2006. The Sikkim Biodiversity Board is under Forest, Environment & Wildlife Management Department.

The Board is functioning under National Biodiversity Authority (Sec 8 of BD act, 2002) Chennai at central level. Similarly we have Biodiversity Management Committee (Sec 41 of BD Act 2002) at local level.

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Our State Symbols

State Animal

red panda


Ailurus fulgens

Family: Ailuridae
(Photo Courtesy: Ms. Shewani Pradhan)

  • Usually solitary and are sometimes in pairs
  • Normal silent; very shy animal
  • Found in Sub-Tropical and Temperate forests of Sikkim
  • Omnivorous animal, diet consists of fruits, berries, bamboo – shoots and leaves, birds’ eggs, honey, etc.
  • Nepali name ‘Kundo’, Bhutia name ‘Opdonka’, Lepcha name ‘Sankam’
  • Colour bright orangish–brown, with black underparts, a striped fluffy long tail andwhite stripes on its face
  • Lives on trees and in hollows of old oaks
  • Have 1 – 2 young ones per year, which are born in the spring
  • Size like that of a large cat
  • Breed well in captivity when provided with good natural habitat
  • Protected under Schedule-1 of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 as amended upto2003)

State Bird

blood pheasant


Ithaginis cruentus

Family: Phasianidae
(Photo Courtesy: Mr. Tenzing Wangdup Bhutia BO (T) Yuksam)

  • Found in the Temperate and Alpine regions of Sikkim; usually in large flocks orcoveys
  • Sound a weak cheeping or high pitched squeal
  • Feed on insects, moss and shoots of alpine herbs, ferns and pines
  • Nepali name ‘Chilimey’, Bhutia/Lepcha name ‘Semu’
  • Male is olive–green in colour, with red streaks on its chest, and has red legs;female has dull brown plumage to help her get camouflaged while on nest or withyoung ones
  • Size like that of a Partridge
  • Make loose nest in grass or bushes and lay 5 – 12 eggs in early spring, incubatedfor about a month
  • Protected under Schedule-1 of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 as amended upto2003)

State Tree

red panda


Rhododendron niveum

Family: Ericaceae
(Photo Courtesy: Mr. Bharat Pradhan)

  • Medium sized tree
  • Called Snow-leaved Rhododendron (English), Nepali ‘Hiun–patey Gurans’, Bhutia ‘Aeithuk–Mitok’
  • A high altitude Rhododendron growing in Temperate Fir forests with ground herbslike Primulas, poppies and Sphagnum mosses
  • Grows on lower fringes of Shingba Rhododendron Sanctuary, in the Lachung valley,North Sikkim and few sites in Khangchendzonga National Park
  • A highly endangered Rhododendron because its habitat outside the National Park isunder heavy anthropogenic pressures
  • Flowers grow in deep maroon bunches; like other rhododendrons it goes into bud stagebefore winter and just as spring approaches, the buds burst into bloom.

State Flower

red panda


Dendrobium nobile

Family: Orchidaceae
(Photo Courtesy: Mr. Bharat Pradhan)

  • Apretty and common epiphytic orchid
  • Foundin the sub-Tropical belt of Sikkim at around 1500 – 1600m altitude including inand around Gangtok the capital of Sikkim
  • Flowersgrow in dense bunches and are a bright purplish-pink; occasionally white
  • Bloomin spring on moss-laden mature trees lending a festive air to the atmosphere
  • Luckilynot an endangered orchid unlike the other three state symbols

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