Sikkim Biodiversity Board is a statutory body and was established in the year 2006. It is formed under Sec 22 of Biological Diversity Act 2002. Sikkim State Biological Diversity Rules 2006 has been notified vide notification no. 504/F dated 14.09.2006. The Sikkim Biodiversity Board is under Forest, Environment & Wildlife Management Department. The Board is functioning under National Biodiversity Authority (Sec 8 of BD act, 2002) Chennai at central level. Similarly we have Biodiversity Management Committee (Sec 41 of BD Act 2002) at local level.
The Biological Diversity Act 2002 was legislated pursuant to India’s obligation under Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). The CBD was adopted in the year 1992 and the Biological Diversity Act was enacted in 2002, to deal with extensive pressure on our biological resources. To detail the procedures to be adopted, the Biological Diversity Rules were notified in the year 2004. Several State rules were also notified subsequently for implementing the Act in respective States in India.